**Chapter 13 Questions**

- A researcher wishes to test the hypothesis that parental incarceration is a risk factor for lifetime incarceration of the adult children of incarcerated parents. She measures parental incarceration as
*had a parent in prison*;*Did not have a parent in prison*and adult children’s incarceration as*incarcerated; Not incarcerated.*

- Identify the independent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the independent variable.
- Identify the dependent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the dependent variable.
- What type of inferential analysis should the researcher run to test for a relationship between these two variables?

- A researcher wishes to test the hypothesis that coercive control can actually increase, rather than reduce, subsequent criminal offending among persons who have been imprisoned. He gathers a sample of people who have spent time in prison and measures coercive control as
*number of years spent in prison*and recidivism as*number of times re arrested after release from prison*.

- Identify the independent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the independent variable.
- Identify the dependent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the dependent variable.
- What type of inferential analysis should the researcher run to test for a relationship between these two variables?

- A researcher hypothesizes that a new policing strategy involving community meetings designed to educate residents on the importance of self protective measures will increase the use of such measures . He gathers a sample of local residents and find out whether they have participated in an educational session (
*have participated; have not participated*). Among each group, he computes the*proportion of residents who now take self protective measures.*

- Identify the independent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the independent variable.
- Identify the dependent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the dependent variable.
- What type of inferential analysis should the researcher run to test for a relationship between these two variables?

- A researcher thinks that there may be a relationship between neighborhood levels of socioeconomic disadvantage in the amount of violent crime that occurs in those neighborhoods. She measures social economic disadvantage as the
*percentage of neighborhood residents that live below the poverty line*and she measures violent crime as*the number of violent offenses reported to police per 1000 neighborhood residents.*

- Identify the independent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the independent variable.
- Identify the dependent variable.
- Identify the level of measurement of the dependent variable.